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Migrate to the new Google Mobile Ads C++ SDK

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The release of the Firebase C++ SDK v9.1.0 introduces a new Google Mobile Ads C++ SDK.

The Google Mobile Ads C++ SDK is a new API surface that incorporates the major breaking changes made to the Firebase AdMob C++ SDKs for iOS and Android in 2021 and 2022, including the removal of deprecated APIs, and a new flow when working with full screen ad types.

The old Firebase AdMob C++ SDK (firebase::admob) has been marked deprecated and will not be receiving any updates or bug fixes moving forward.

Both the new Google Mobile Ads C++ SDK (firebase::gma) and the old Firebase AdMob C++ SDK (firebase::admob) will remain part of the build archives for the Firebase C++ SDK during the Firebase AdMob C++ SDK deprecation window.

Legacy API removal

The following APIs have been removed from the Google Mobile Ads C++ SDK in their entirety.

RewardedVideoAd

AdMob's RewardedVideoAd namespace has been replaced with RewardedAd class. RewardedAd behaves similarly to InterstitialAd but includes an additional RewardedAdListener to receive notification of item rewards.

NativeExpressAds

AdMob's NativeExpressAd had already been marked as deprecated in each Firebase AdMob C++ SDK. Therefore NativeExpressAd is not included in the new Google Mobile Ads C++ SDK.

SDK namespace change

The SDK has relocated to a new namespace, and it has a new directory structure:

Namespace firebase::gma

The sources of the new Google Mobile Ads C++ SDK are in the firebase::gma namespace. The older firebase::admob namespace has been deprecated along with the Firebase AdMob C++ SDK.

Directory structure

Header files have moved to a new directory inside the build archive:

Deprecated Firebase AdMob C++ SDK New Google Mobile Ads C++ SDK
include/firebase/admob include/firebase/gma

Library

The Firebase AdMob C++ SDK will be provided as a static library within the Firebase C++ SDK build archive:

iOS

Deprecated Firebase AdMob C++ SDK New Google Mobile Ads C++ SDK
firebase_admob.xcframework firebase_gma.xcframework

Android

Deprecated Firebase AdMob C++ SDK New Google Mobile Ads C++ SDK
libfirebase_admob.a libfirebase_gma.a

Class, enum, and struct migrations

The table below lists specific classes, enums, and structs that changed or have been removed. Here's a summary:

  • BannerView is renamed to AdView.
  • NativeAdExpressView is removed.
  • The RewardedVideo namespace is replaced with a RewardedAd class.
  • The PresentationState enumeration and listeners are removed and replaced with AdListener and FullScreenContent listeners.
  • The following parameters are removed as per-ad configuration parameters in AdRequests:

    • the configuration of test device IDs
    • the targeting of advertisements based on age

    Instead, these parameters can now be configured in RequestConfiguration which is a global setting that will affect all subsequent ad loads.

Deprecated firebase::admob namespace New firebase::gma namespace
AdSizeType (enum) AdSize::Type (enum)
BannerView AdView
BannerView::Listener AdListener
AdViewBoundingBoxListener
PaidEventListener
BannerView::Position AdView::Position
BannerView::PresentationState Removed
ChildDirectedTreatmentState RequestConfiguration::TagForChildDirectedTreatment
Gender (enum) Removed
InterstitialAd::Listener FullScreenContentListener
PaidEventListener
KeyValuePair Removed
NativeExpressAdView Removed
PollableRewardListener Removed
RewardItem AdReward
RewardedVideoAd (namespace) RewardedAd (class)
RewardedVideoAd::Listener FullScreenContentListener
PaidEventListener
UserEarnedRewardListener
AdMobError (enum) AdErrorCode (enum)
RewardItem AdReward

SDK initialization

Each Google Mobile Ads C++ SDK initialization function immediately returns two status indicators:

  • An optional out parameter conveys whether a dependency error occurred before the initialization process started.

  • The return parameter is a reference to a firebase::Future. The Future contains the results of the asynchronous initialization of the mediation adapters on the device.

While the Google Mobile Ads C++ SDK may be invoked to load AdMob-served ads as soon as the initialization function returns, other ad networks will not serve ads until their corresponding medation adapter has been fully initialized. This proccess occurs asynchronously. Therefore, if you're using ad mediation in your application, we recommend that you wait for the Future to resolve before attempting to load any ads.

Before

firebase::App* app = ::firebase::App::Create();
firebase::InitResult result = firebase::admob::Initialize(*app, kAdMobAppID);

if (result != kInitResultSuccess) {
  // Initialization immediately failed, most likely due to a missing dependency.
  // Check the device logs for more information.
  return;
}

After

using firebase::App;
using firebase::Future;
using firebase::gma::AdapterInitializationStatus;

App* app = ::firebase::App::Create();
firebase::InitResult result;
Future<AdapterInitializationStatus> future =
  firebase::gma::Initialize(*app, &result);

if (result != kInitResultSuccess) {
  // Initialization immediately failed, most likely due to a missing dependency.
  // Check the device logs for more information.
  return;
}

// Poll the future to wait for its completion either in this
// thread, or as part of your game loop by calling
// firebase::gma::InitializeLastResult();
while (future.status() == firebase::kFutureStatusPending) {
  // Initialization on-going, continue to wait.
}

// future.status() is either kFutureStatusComplete or there’s an error

if (future.status() == firebase::kFutureStatusComplete &&
     future.error() == firebase::gma::AdErrorCodeNone) {
  AdapterInitializationStatus* status = future.result();
  // Check status for any mediation adapters you wish to use.
  // ..
} else {
  // Handle initialization error.
}

Changes to AdSize within AdView

AdSize now contains static members of common banner ad sizes, and supports AnchorAdaptive and InlineAdaptive ad sizes which have a dynamic height based on the given width and the screen's current orientation.

Static AdSize constants added to firebase::gma::AdSize

AdSize::kBanner

Mobile Marketing Association (MMA) banner ad size (320x50 density-independent pixels)

AdSize::kFullBanner

Interactive Advertising Bureau (IAB) full banner ad size (468x60 density-independent pixels)
AdSize::kLargeBanner Taller version of kBanner, typically 320x100

AdSize::kLeaderboard

Interactive Advertising Bureau (IAB) leaderboard ad size (728x90 density-independent pixels)
AdSize::kMediumRectangle Interactive Advertising Bureau (IAB) medium rectangle ad size (300x250 density-independent pixels)
Static methods in firebase::gma::AdSize to help construct instances of AdSize
GetLandscapeAnchoredAdaptiveBannerAdSize Creates an AdSize with the given width and a Google-optimized height to create a banner ad in landscape mode
GetPortraitAnchoredAdaptiveBannerAdSize Creates an AdSize with the given width and a Google-optimized height to create a banner ad in portrait mode
GetCurrentOrientationAnchoredAdaptiveBannerAdSize Creates an AdSize with the given width and a Google-optimized height to create a banner ad given the current orientation
GetInlineAdaptiveBannerAdSize Creates an AdSize most suitable for banner ads given a maximum height

This AdSize allows Google servers to choose an optimal ad size with a height less than or equal to a specified max height.

GetLandscapeInlineAdaptiveBannerAdSize Creates an InlineAdaptive AdSize with the given width and the device's landscape height
GetPortraitInlineAdaptiveBannerAdSize Creates an InlineAdaptive AdSize with the given width and the device's portrait height.
GetCurrentOrientationInlineAdaptiveBannerAdSize A convenience method to return InlineAdaptive AdSize given the current interface orientation given a specific width.

Before

firebase::admob::BannerView* banner_view = new firebase::admob::BannerView();

firebase::admob::AdSize ad_size;
ad_size.ad_size_type = firebase::admob::kAdSizeStandard;
ad_size.width = 320;
ad_size.height = 50;

// ad_parent is a reference to an iOS UIView or an Android Activity.
// banner_ad_unit is your ad unit id for banner ads.
banner_view->Initialize(ad_parent, banner_ad_unit, ad_size);

After

firebase::gma::AdView* ad_view = new firebase::gma::AdView();

// ad_parent is a reference to an iOS UIView or an Android Activity.
// banner_ad_unit is your ad unit id for banner ads.
banner_view->Initialize(ad_parent, banner_ad_unit, firebase::gma::AdSize.kBanner);

AdRequest and global configuration

Test device IDs, TagForChildDirectedTreatment, and TagForUnderAgeOfConsent (previously handled by birthday) have been removed from AdRequest and are now part of a global RequestConfiguration. Applications may invoke firebase::gma::SetRequestConfiguration() early-on in the application's lifecycle to configure these values. All subsequent ad load operations will honor these settings once they're configured.

firebase::gma::AdRequest still exists as it provides contextual information for loading advertisements, including keywords and an optional content URL.

AdMob's AdRequest C-style struct has been replaced with a class with methods which provide a better user experience when defining and appending to the various lists of information.

Here are notable AdRequest changes:

  • Extras are now associated with a mediation adapter class name. Extras sent to the AdMob service should use the default class name as defined below.
  • When requesting an ad, apps may pass a URL of the content they are serving. This enables keyword targeting to match the ad with other content being displayed.

Before

firebase::admob::AdRequest request;

// Keywords to be used in targeting.
const char* keywords[] = {"GMA", "C++", "Fun"};
request.keyword_count = sizeof(keywords) / sizeof(keywords[0]);
request.keywords = keywords;

// "Extra" key value pairs.
static const firebase::admob::KeyValuePair extras[] = {
      {"extra_name", "extra_value"}};
request.extras_count = sizeof(extras) / sizeof(extras[0]);
request.extras = kRequestExtras;

// Devices that should be served test ads.
const char* test_device_ids[] ={ "123", "4567", "890" };
request.test_device_id_count =
      sizeof(test_device_ids) / sizeof(test_device_ids[0]);
request.test_device_ids = test_device_ids;

// Sample birthday to help determine the age of the user.
request.birthday_day = 10;
request.birthday_month = 11;
request.birthday_year = 1975;

// Load Ad with the AdRequest.

After

// Do once after Google Mobile Ads C++ SDK initialization.
// These settings will affect all Ad Load operations.
firebase::gma::RequestConfiguration configuration;
configuration.max_ad_content_rating =
      firebase::gma::RequestConfiguration::kMaxAdContentRatingPG;
configuration.tag_for_child_directed_treatment =
      firebase::gma::RequestConfiguration::kChildDirectedTreatmentTrue;
configuration.tag_for_under_age_of_consent =
      firebase::gma::RequestConfiguration::kUnderAgeOfConsentFalse;
configuration.test_device_ids.push_back("1234");
configuration.test_device_ids.push_back("4567");
configuration.test_device_ids.push_back("890");
firebase::gma::SetRequestConfiguration(configuration);

// Then, more information must be provided via an AdRequest when
// loading individual ads.
firebase::gma::AdRequest ad_request;

// "Extra" key value pairs.
ad_request.add_keyword("GMA");
ad_request.add_keyword("C++");
ad_request.add_keyword("Fun");

// Content URL.
ad_request.set_content_url("www.example.com");

// Mediation Adapter Extras.
#if defined(Android)
const char* ad_network_extras_class_name =
    "com/google/ads/mediation/admob/AdMobAdapter";
#else  // iOS
const char* ad_network_extras_class_name = "GADExtras";
#endif

ad_request.add_extra(ad_network_extras_class_name, "extra_name", "extra_value");

// Load Ad with the AdRequest. See next section.

AdResults

LoadAd now returns a Future containing an AdResult object for all AdView, InterstitialAd, and RewardedAd ad types. The AdResult::is_successful method returns true if the ad request was successfully fulfilled, or false if not.

On failure, the AdResult contains an AdError object with service-level information about the problem, including the error code, the error message and domain strings.

Before

firebase::Future<AdResult> future;

void load_ad() {
  // Assume an already created AdRequest object.
  future = ad_view->LoadAd(ad_request);
}

void your_game_loop() {
  if (future.status() == firebase::kFutureStatusComplete) {
    if(future.error() != firebase::admob::kAdMobErrorNone) {
      // There was either an internal SDK issue that caused the Future to
      // fail its completion, or AdMob failed to fulfill the ad request.
      // Details are unknown other than the Future’s error code returned
      // from future.error().
    } else {
      // The ad loaded successfully.
    }
  }
}

After

firebase::Future<AdResult> future;

void load_ad() {
  // Assumes a previously created AdRequest object.
  // See "AdRequest and Global Configuration" above.
  future = ad_view->LoadAd(ad_request);
}

void your_game_loop() {
  // Check the future status in your game loop:
  if (future.status() == firebase::kFutureStatusComplete) {
    if(future.error() != firebase::admob::kAdErrorCodeNone) {
      // There was an internal SDK issue that caused the Future to fail.
    } else {
      // Future completed successfully.  Check the GMA result.
      const AdResult* ad_result = future.result();
      if ( ad_result->is_successful() != true ) {
        // GMA failed to serve an ad. Gather information about the error.
        const AdError& ad_error = ad_result->ad_error();
        AdErrorCode error_code = ad_error.code();
        const std::string error_domain = ad_error.domain();
        const std::string error_message = ad_error.message();
      } else {
        // The ad loaded successfully.
      }
    }
  }
}

AdListener events within AdView

AdMob's BannerView::Listener class has been replaced with two distinct listener classes in the Google Mobile Ads C++ SDK:

  • AdListener tracks ad lifecycle and user interaction events.
  • AdViewBoundingBoxListener is invoked when the AdView is resized or moved.

AdMob OnPresentationStateChanged callback Google Mobile Ads mappings

The firebase::admob::BannerView::PresentationState enumerated type and OnPresentationStateChanged listener method are not included in the new Google Mobile Ads C++ SDK.

The following are alternative ways to detect presentation state changes in the life cycle of an AdView:

firebase::admob::BannerView::Listener OnPresentationStateChanged event firebase::gma::AdListener counterpart
kPresentationStateHidden When AdListener::OnAdClosed is invoked, or when AdView::Hide() completes its asynchronous operation successfully
kPresentationStateVisibleWithoutAd None. Attempting to invoke AdView::Show() an unloaded AdView will result in an error.
kPresentationStateVisibleWithAd When AdListener::OnAdOpened is invoked, or when AdView::Show() completes its asynchronous operation successfully with an ad
kPresentationStateOpenedPartialOverlay Query the bounding box after AdListener::OnAdOpened() has been invoked to determine the size and position of the ad being shown. Alternatively, query the AdView's position and AdSize and/or monitor the bounding box via AdViewBoundingBoxListener.
kPresentationStateCoveringUI See kPresentationStateOpenedPartialOverlay above

RewardedAd is now a class

The deprecated Firebase AdMob C++ SDK facilitated rewarded ads via a collection of functions in the firebase::admob::rewarded_ad namespace. These functions have been coalesced into a new RewardedAd class which serves ads with a similar API surface to InterstitialAd (see next section).

InterstitialAd and RewardedAd listeners

Both interstitial ads and rewarded ads are considered full screen ads. A new FullScreenContentListener can be installed to listen to advertisement life cycle events for these ad types, and a separate PaidEventListener can be installed to track when the AdMob service has deemed a paid event has occurred.

RewardedAd has an additional listener to monitor user-earned reward events.

New full screen ad callback methods

FullScreenContentListener methods PaidEventListener methods UserEarnedRewardListener methods
OnAdClicked OnPaidEvent OnUserEarnedReward
OnAdDismissedFullScreenContent
OnAdFailedToShowFullScreenContent
OnAdImpression
OnAdShowedFullScreenContent

Methods changed/removed/replaced

The table below lists the specific methods changed in the new Google Mobile Ads C++ SDK. Methods with parameters listed remain but their signatures have changed.

Class Firebase AdMob C++ SDK API Google Mobile Ads C++ SDK API Notes
BannerView MoveTo AdView::SetPosition
presentation_state Removed Handled by AdViewListener events and AdView::Show and AdView::Hide future results.
SetListener AdView::SetAdListener
AdView::SetBoundingBoxListener
AdView::SetPaidEventListener
The new listener design increases the fidelity of detecting AdView lifecycle events.
Listener::OnPresentationStateChanged Removed See BannerView::SetListener, above.
Listener::OnBoundingBoxChanged AdViewBoundingBoxListener::OnBoundingBoxChanged
InterstitialAd Initialize(AdParent parent, const char* ad_unit_id) Initialize(AdParent parent) The ad_unit_id parameter is now part of the LoadAd operation.
LoadAd(const AdRequest& request) LoadAd(const char* ad_unit_id, const AdRequest& request)
presentation_state Removed The presentation_state enumeration has been removed. Use FullScreenContentListener.
SetListener SetFullScreenContentListener
SetPaidEventListener
Destroy Removed Cleaning up resources is now part of the RewardedAd destructor.
RewardedAd
(formally
RewardedVideoAd)
Initialize Initialize(AdParent parent) AdParent was previously passed to Show, but is now part of initialization.
presentation_state Removed The presentation_state enumeration has been removed. Use FullScreenContentListener.
SetListener SetFullScreenContentListener
SetPaidEventListener Show
A UserEarnedReward listener is also defined when showing a RewardedAd. See below.
Show(AdParent parent) Show(UserEarnedRewardListener* listener)