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Report errors

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Automatically reporting errors

You can emit an error from a Cloud Function to Error Reporting as shown below:

Node.js

// These WILL be reported to Error Reporting
throw new Error('I failed you'); // Will cause a cold start if not caught

// These WILL be reported to Error Reporting
console.error(new Error('I failed you')); // Logging an Error object
console.error('I failed you'); // Logging something other than an Error object
throw 1; // Throwing something other than an Error object
callback('I failed you');
res.status(500).send('I failed you');

If you would like more fine-grained error reporting, you can use the Error Reporting client libraries.

You can view the reported errors in Error Reporting in the GCP Console. You can also see the errors reported from a particular function when you select it from the list of functions in the GCP Console.

Uncaught exceptions produced by your function will appear in Error Reporting. Note that some types of uncaught exceptions (such as those thrown asynchronously) will cause a cold start to occur upon a future function invocation. This increases the amount of time your function will take to run.

Manually reporting errors

To report an error to Error Reporting from a function, use the Cloud Logging API.

Importing dependencies

From your functions directory, install the Cloud Logging client library for Node.js:

npm install --save @google-cloud/logging

Import and initialize the Cloud Logging client library:

const Logging = require('@google-cloud/logging');

// Instantiates a client
const logging = Logging();

Sending to Cloud Logging

A properly formed log entry requires a MonitoredResource object and an ErrorEvent object.

This example reportError function demonstrates the minimum data required to report an error to Error Reporting.

function reportError(err, context = {}) {
  // This is the name of the log stream that will receive the log
  // entry. This name can be any valid log stream name, but must contain "err"
  // in order for the error to be picked up by Error Reporting.
  const logName = 'errors';
  const log = logging.log(logName);

  // https://cloud.google.com/logging/docs/api/ref_v2beta1/rest/v2beta1/MonitoredResource
  const metadata = {
    resource: {
      type: 'cloud_function',
      labels: { function_name: process.env.FUNCTION_NAME },
    },
  };

  // https://cloud.google.com/error-reporting/reference/rest/v1beta1/ErrorEvent
  const errorEvent = {
    message: err.stack,
    serviceContext: {
      service: process.env.FUNCTION_NAME,
      resourceType: 'cloud_function',
    },
    context: context,
  };

  // Write the error log entry
  return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
    log.write(log.entry(metadata, errorEvent), (error) => {
      if (error) {
        return reject(error);
      }
      return resolve();
    });
  });
}

The reportError function can be used to manually report errors:

exports.createStripePayment = functions.firestore
  .document('stripe_customers/{userId}/payments/{pushId}')
  .onCreate(async (snap, context) => {
    const { amount, currency, payment_method } = snap.data();
    try {
      // Look up the Stripe customer id.
      const customer = (await snap.ref.parent.parent.get()).data().customer_id;
      // Create a charge using the pushId as the idempotency key
      // to protect against double charges.
      const idempotencyKey = context.params.pushId;
      const payment = await stripe.paymentIntents.create(
        {
          amount,
          currency,
          customer,
          payment_method,
          off_session: false,
          confirm: true,
          confirmation_method: 'manual',
        },
        { idempotencyKey }
      );
      // If the result is successful, write it back to the database.
      await snap.ref.set(payment);
    } catch (error) {
      // We want to capture errors and render them in a user-friendly way, while
      // still logging an exception to Error Reporting.
      functions.logger.log(error);
      await snap.ref.set({ error: userFacingMessage(error) }, { merge: true });
      await reportError(error, { user: context.params.userId });
    }
  });

You can pass user details through the ErrorContext parameter. The Error Reporting UI displays these details and uses them to calculate the number of affected users.

ErrorContext can also be passed information on an HTTP Request:

export.httpError = functions.https.onRequest((request, response) => {
  const error = new Error('Test error');
  const httpRequest = {
    method: request.method,
    url: request.originalUrl,
    userAgent: request.get('user-agent'),
    referrer: '',
    remoteIp: request.ip
  };
  reportError(error, {httpRequest}).then(() => {
    response.end();
  });
});